From the Archives: Mable Electa Buland Campbell


This week as I was researching a past president of the University of Puget Sound, I stumbled upon someone I found a bit more interesting in a 1909 edition of The Trail: Mable Electa Buland. The Trail article introduced Buland as a new professor of English at the University, and the article mentioned that at the time at which Buland received her Doctorate, she was the youngest PH.D. in America.

Intrigued, I decided to do some further research into Miss Buland so that I could write a Wikipedia article about her. Buland was raised in the west, and received both her B.A. in 1904 and her M.A.  in 1908 from the University of Washington. During the 1904-1905 school year, Buland was an assistant in the Department of Pedagogy at UW, before teaching at Castle Rock High School for a year. She then did graduate work in English at both Columbia and Yale, and received her PH.D. in English from Yale in 1909, making her the youngest PH.D. in America. This was quite a feat, particularly for a woman, considering that in 1900 only 2.8% of women in the U.S. attended college, and yet only about 10 years later, Buland became the youngest person to earn a PH.D. in America.

After completing her PH.D., Buland taught English at the University of Puget Sound for a year (1909-1910) and at Whitman a year later (1910-1911).

After marrying George Norman Campbell in the fall of 1911, Buland stopped teaching, but continued to be involved in education, as she served as the City Superintendent of Schools in Kalama, Washington from 1915-1916. Buland gave birth to a son in February of 1917, and, as was customary at the time, stopped working outside the home.

While the societal expectations for a woman of Buland’s status excluded her from teaching after she had her son, Buland didn’t withdraw from community life. Buland remained involved in the community through “women’s clubs,” which were particularly important at a time when few women had access to education. Women’s clubs provided a more intellectual community for women who had few educational opportunities, and discussed current issues, with a focus on women’s suffrage.  In the fall of 1924, when  well-known feminist Emma Smith Devoe resigned from her position as vice-chair of the State Central Committee for the Republican Committee, Buland took over the position, which was meat to help establish women’s clubs and to organize Republican women for upcoming elections.

While I have enjoyed researching various personalities through the archives, looking back at my past posts, it becomes apparent that they have pretty much exclusively been about men (just look at how many times I make reference to ridiculous forms of facial hair and you’ll see what I mean). While this isn’t a surprise given the time periods I’ve been dealing with, it was refreshing to come across a woman who wasn’t just another wife who got less than a sentence of recognition in her husband’s bio. Buland deserved to be written about in her own right, at a time when very few women were able to take advantage of newly available educational opportunities, let alone excel in higher education.

By: Kara E. Flynn


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From the Archives: The Irrepressible Reverend Henry Brown


I would like to open this blog post with a quote from my friend from this week’s archival research, Dr. Henry Brown:

“Indeed our common Christianity is in jeopardy from the universal prevalence and insidious attacks of the forces of evil resident in, and emanating from, the popular amusements of the day”

- From the preface of his book, Impending Peril, Or, Methodism and Amusements

After spending the first half of my week with Dr. Brown, I have found Brown to be a surprising character with deeply held, but sometimes seemingly contradictory beliefs.

Brown lived from 1848-1931, and thus experienced some very interesting periods of American history. Our collection of his papers includes the autobiography that he dictated to his wife as he was nearing the end of his life, which details some of his more important life experiences. Only a teenager during the civil war, Brown fought for the Union, and turned 16 on a battlefield. He was a deeply religious and moralistic man, and became a minister as a young adult after the Civil War ended. He first preached in Iowa, but after 14 years, in 1885, Brown was transferred to Ellensburg, Washington. Brown, his wife and their two small daughters traveled across the country by train. Brown spent the bulk of his career in Eastern Washington, staying in Ellensburg a year before moving to Walla Walla and eventually to Spokane.

In addition to his autobiography, the collection includes two albums in which Brown collected newspaper clippings. A quick perusal of the clippings reveals Brown’s near constant back and forth with the editors of the Walla Walla Daily Journal, and The Oregonian throughout the 1890s. Brown was a staunch prohibitionist, a sentiment that the editors of the two newspapers did not seem to share. Brown would write a scathing letter to the editor critiquing their representation of prohibition and its supporters, and the editor would write an equally impolite response, which would in turn prompt yet another letter to the editor from Brown. At one point, The Union Newspaper goes so far as to title his letter to the editor as, “Brown the Irrepressible.”

Brown was also a passionate supporter of women’s suffrage, and wrote many a letter to the editor about the way that women’s newly legal right in Washington territory (which was one of the first territories to grant voting rights to women) was represented in the Walla Walla Daily Journal, which stated that “The Union does not believe in forcing the women of the territory to vote.”  In response, Brown pointed out that men were not “forced” to vote either and that in saying that the Union did not believe in forcing women to vote, the Journal was really saying that, “the Union does believe in forcing the women to refrain from voting. In other words, the Union would strengthen and perpetuate the manmade legal barricade that now stands between women and the polls.” Brown also took issue with the claim made by the paper that women had only voted in the first election merely for the novelty and curiosity of it, but had since refrained from voting, writing that he, “would be glad to know the names of some of those intelligent women who had no higher notion in casting their first ballot than simply to gratify their curiosity.”

Brown’s vocal support of his causes did not end with letters to the editor, however. In 1904, Brown published his first and only book, The Impending Peril, or, Methodism and Amusements: A Compilation of Testimony, Rules, Speeches, and Articles on the Amusement Question with an Argument in Review, which describes the dangers that popular past times pose to Christianity- going to the theater, to concerts, to dance halls, or to the race course, and of course the consumption of alcoholic beverages at any of these amusements were all deemed unacceptable past times for Methodists.

Brown eventually retired and spent the remainder of his life in Pomona, Ca, where he was still an active member of the Methodist church, and where, I’m sure, he wrote at least a few letters to the editors of the local papers.


Brown has thoroughly entertained me for the past few days- while he has at times confused me by his seemingly contradictory beliefs which don’t quite fit so neatly into the stereotype of his peers from the same era, I have found that his deeply held convictions come from his very strong belief in morality. A man who didn’t believe in war, Brown fought for the Union in the Civil War because he felt it to be a just cause. Brown was a vocal supporter of both prohibition and women’s suffrage (two pretty unpopular causes during his day) because he believed in the innate rightness of these two issues. And even though I find some of his arguments problematic, to say the least, particularly concerning prohibition and those in his book on the evil of popular amusements, I have to admire the guy for his commitment to his beliefs.

And he does have a pretty great beard, so there’s that too. By

By: Kara E. Flynn 



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From the Archives: The Frank Williston papers


This week I’ve begun processing the Frank Williston papers, which I actually used for a Wikipedia article last week. Williston was a professor of “Far East Studies” at both the University of Puget Sound and at the University of Washington, and in the mid-1940s, he was an officer in the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in Asia. The collection includes many publications about various Asian countries, as well as maps, correspondence, and UNRRA reports from Williston’s time in the organization. Some of the most interesting pieces have to do with the second Sino-Japanese War. There are some very intriguing letters from American missionaries teaching at Theological Seminaries or working with the YMCA in Nanking during the Nanking Massacre of 1938, when Japan invaded the city, as well as Japanese propaganda pamphlets that aim to rehabilitate Japan’s image as the friendly occupiers. Notably, the front of one such pamphlet shows Japanese soldiers holding Chinese babies and small children, the mothers smiling in the background, with a caption about how the Japanese soldiers enjoy playing with the “little ones.”

While processing the collection, I also came across a lighter topic with a series of Asian language instructional booklets for children (maybe Chinese?). The booklets include what appears to be some kind of reading exercise, as well as mathematical exercises, and feature some fun (and sometimes rather confusing) illustrations.


By: Kara E. Flynn

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From the Archives: Exploring China at the Turn of the Century, the Albert Bash papers


Postcard (left), and unidentified photo (right) from the Albert W. Bash Papers

This week I’ve been working with a particularly fun collection- the Albert W. Bash papers- for an article I was writing for Wikipedia about the American China Development Company. After their defeat by Japan in the first Sino-Japanese war, 1894-1895, China turned to foreign powers to help rebuild the Chinese economy, by allowing such foreign entities to build and run railroads throughout China. Thus, at the turn of the century, many foreign companies were vying for “concessions” in China, and the American China Development Company was among them.

Here is where Bash comes in. Albert W. Bash was a businessman from Port Townsend, Washington, and was employed by the American China Development Company as an agent for the company’s interests in China. Because of this position, Bash made many trips to China, beginning in the spring of 1896. His papers include a wide range of material, but of most interest in my research was his correspondence- especially with the United States State Department, and with the Chinese government officials.

Bash’s papers are rife with the political intrigue that comes along with get-rich-quick schemes, but what I found so interesting about them is that for all the wheeling and dealing, all the negotiations between the U.S. and China over the course of about 8 years, there was almost no concrete evidence of any of the many deals that the two countries made. The American China Development Company only succeeded in building a mere 30 miles of railway line by the time the company lost its concession in 1905, despite the millions of dollars in bonds that the company had amassed from both China and foreign investors. And the American China Development Company was no small business venture- it was backed by the likes of J.P. Morgan, the Carnegie Steel Company, and the Presidents of the National Bank of New York and the Chase National Bank. Bash must have been quite a master of the ol’ smoke and mirrors strategy!

What could be better than pouring over the letters of shady, mustachioed businessmen? Clearly I’m spending my summer the right way.


The three American men above appear in multiple photographs from the collection, and are identified as the members of the United States Cheng Tu commission (from left to right): Secretary of the U.S. Legation in Peking, F.D.  Cheshire, Lieutenant Merrill, and U.S. Consul, S. P. Read. The two Chinese men are not identified.

By: Kara E. Flynn

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From the Archives: Arranging and describing the Walter S. Davis papers

I’ve just returned to the library after a wonderful trip abroad and am embarking on a new stage of my work in the Archives & Special Collections. While I’ve previously been editing and writing articles for Wikipedia based on our holdings and adding links to our collections when appropriate, today I’m going to begin to process my first archival collection! Essentially, this means I will be sifting through a collection that hasn’t yet been processed and I will help to organize and describe it. While I’ve learned a lot about both  Wikipedia, and our holdings in the Archives  & Special Collections over the last few weeks, I’m excited to be starting this new project and to learn a bit more about archival work!

Happy almost -Fourth of July!

1Washingtonians having some summer fun in the Sound, circa 1905, from the John M. Canse Pamphlet collection.

By: Kara E. Flynn

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Collins Library Links: Librarians and Faculty- Teaching and Learning Partnerships


Librarians and Faculty- Teaching and Learning Partnerships

As the academic year draws to a close, we would like to extend our thanks for your support of library programs and services and to the LMIS Committee for providing assistance and advice as we move towards the implementation of the our new library system.   

We value our academic partnerships in and out of the classroom and would like to share some updates about our efforts to engage students this past academic year.

  • Librarians held over 1,200 research consultations with students and taught nearly 400 library sessions.
  • During the spring 2014 semester, librarians partnered with faculty in 88 percent (36 out of 41) of the new SSI2 sections, helping our students gain a solid foundation in research skills in preparation for their upper-level courses.
  • Librarians have created 344 online research guides—ranging from subject guides to specific course guides to quick self-help guides on topics such as academic integrity and finding statistics.  Between August 26, 2013 and May 9, 2014, students consulted these guides 112,505 times!  During the peak research weeks leading up to the end of the semester, students used these guides more than a thousand times a day.
  • The Library now has a  Peer Research Advisor position.  The Peer Research Advisor will work closely with the Library Director and the Coordinator of Information Literacy to develop unique user-centered programs for first year students that will support and guide their introduction to scholarly practices and research methods during the first year.
  • Four art history students served as guest curators, working under the direction and guidance of the Archivist and Library Director, for the exhibition focusing on the collections and life of Professor Stan Shelmidine. They researched and designed the exhibit and presented their work as part of our Behind the Archives Door series.  This is an example of active learning and research in action.
  • 23 classes  reaching 394 students were held in the Archives & Special Collections

This year the Behind the Archives Door series was established, featuring lectures from professors Brett Rogers, Amy Fisher, and James Evans as well as students Zeb Howell ’16 and Ian Fox ’14, just to name a few.

Need Information? Don’t forget the Collins Memorial Library Library Guides
Questions? Contact your liaison librarian
Comments: Contact Jane Carlin, Library Director
Remember – Your best search engine is a Librarian!


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Collins Memorial Library Announces Early English Books Online

EEBOThe Collins Memorial Library is pleased to announce the acquisition of Early English Books Online.

From the first book published in English through the age of Spenser and Shakespeare, this incomparable collection now contains more than 125,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave’s Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640) and Wing’s Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700) and their revised editions, as well as the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661) collection and the Early English Books Tract Supplement.

Many of these unique and rare materials are only accessible at some of the world’s premier research centers such as the British Library and the Bodleian, University of Oxford.  Now they are available at your fingertips through the Collins Library!

EEBO provides expanded access to primary source material for the Puget Sound Community. The online collection permits access to a wealth of information in a variety of subject areas, including English literature, history, philosophy, linguistics, theology, music, fine arts, education, mathematics, and science.  Some examples of how the materials can be used by various disciplines include:

  • science historians – beginnings of modern science
  • political scientists – debates on the divine right of kings
  • classicists – Greek and Latin authors in influential Renaissance translations such as Chapman’s Homer
  • linguists – definitive data for the study of Early Modern English
  • musicologists – numerous early English ballads and carols
  • art historians and bibliophiles – a unique opportunity to analyze early typefaces and book illustrations

Get started today – explore and access EEBO via the Collins Library EEBO guide!

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From the Archives: Blast from the past

I can’t believe it is already my third week in the archives!

This week I’ve mainly been working on editing and writing my first ever Wikipedia article. One of the articles I edited had to do with Oregon and Washington state history, and I thought I’d share a few of my favorite images that I’ve come across looking through the John M. Canse Pamphlet collection. Both images are from the Snohomish Country brochure from June, 1905.


Loggers (and the cook!) in the Puget Sound area


Photos of the “Indians of Snohomish County”

Though I’ve lived in the NW all my life, it’s been fun to see history in a more hands-on way by combing through this collection.

P.S.  This will be my last post for a few weeks, as I will be leaving for vacation next week, but look for more posts in July!

By: Kara E. Flynn ‘15

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PRIMO Search is Coming. Important Information for Library Users.

CALLOUT_PrimoSearchIsHereThe library will be migrating to a new system from Thursday, June 19 through Monday, June 23. Get a feel for the new Primo Search: Primo link

What this means for you:

  1. Commencing June 19th and running at least through the 23rd, we will have limited services.  While databases and other electronic resources will be available, you will be unable to request books or articles through Summit and ILL.  You will still be able to check out Puget Sound items from the circulation desk.
  2. We highly recommend you plan in advance of the implementation for ILL and Summit borrowing.
  3. On June 23rd our new search interface will be up and running.
  4. After migration on the 23rd, we expect there will be some fine tuning and adjustment needed to ensure that the system is operating smoothly, therefore, we encourage you to complete as much work in advance as possible.

We will be offering drop-in sessions in June for those of you interested in learning more about the new service. Please consult our LibGuide which provides details on this new service.

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From the Archives: A Visit from the Wiki Education Foundation

CALLOUT_WikiFoundationMy first week as Wikipedian in Residence got off to a great start with a visit from LiAnna Davis, head of communications and external relations for the Wiki Education Foundation, and a UPS Alum!

The Wiki Education Foundation is a non-profit that works with educators in the US and Canada to help them utilize Wikipedia editing in the classroom, and has created a wealth of resources for both educators and students who are editing Wikipedia as a class assignment.

One of the most interesting projects that LiAnna discussed during her visit was the work that the foundation is doing with Arabic-speaking countries. Arabic is one of the world’s most spoken languages, but the Arabic Wikipedia has very few articles compared with the English Wikipedia (205,000 compared to the English Wikipedia’s 4.2 million). Recently, the Wiki Education Foundation has been working with university students in Egypt, Algeria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia to grow the content of the Arabic Wikipedia. Already, students participating in the program have contributed over 8 million bytes!

As someone who knew next to nothing about the inner-workings of Wikipedia, LiAnna was an invaluable resource and so friendly and approachable. From giving presentations to faculty and student researchers, to giving a few of us at the library a hands on Wikipedia editing tutorial, I learned so much not only about navigating Wikipedia, but about all of the opportunities that Wikipedia has created for students and educators around the world.

Speaking of navigating. . . (yes it’s a stretch, but I needed a segue) here are some cool old-school tools for navigation, from Peter Apian’s Cosmographia (1584). There’s always something new to discover!  (See illustrations above)

By Kara E. Flynn ‘15

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